Dealing with sports injuries

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Anita Turbak, Faculty of Medicine at Rzeszów University, discusses the aims of physiotherapy after sports injury, ways to classify sports injuries, and treatment for soft tissue injuries.

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  1. Dealing with sports injuries Anita Turbak Faculty of Medicine, Rzesz w University Bachelor degree studies in Physiotherapy, Year 2

  2. Aims of physiotherapy after sport injury O treat and fully rehabilitate the person post- injury, post-operatively O to prevent further injury O to return the athlete to sport in the shortest possible time

  3. Ways to classify sports injuries O Cause: direct injury indirect injury overuse injury O Type of body tissue: hard tissue soft tissue

  4. Direct injuries O a collision with another O being struck with an object (ball, hockey stick etc.) O Examples

  5. Indirect injuries O An indirect injury can occur in two ways: O In some distance from the impact site. O Internal forces

  6. Overuse injury O Overuse injuries occur when excessive and repetitive force is placed on the bones and other connective tissues of the body O Pain in this type of injury

  7. Soft-tissue injuries O Tears, sprains and contusions Tears, sprains and contusions O A tear is a disruption of the fibres of a muscle or tendon. O A sprain is a tear of ligament fibres, muscles or tendons supporting a joint. O A contusion or bruise is bleeding into the soft tissue.

  8. Hard-tissue injury O Hard-tissue injuries are those involving damage to the bones of the skeleton

  9. The aims of immediate treatment are: O To prevent further tissue damage O To minimise swelling O To reduce pain O To reduce the formation of scar tissue O To reduce the time needed for rehabilitation

  10. Dealing with soft tissue injuries

  11. RICER (Acute phase) O R R for Rest O I I for Ice O C C for Compression O E E for Elevation O R R for Referral. *referral- skierowanie

  12. After acute phase O Light exercises O Cryotherapy O Laser O Kinesio taping

  13. Vocabulary: The aim cel Direct - bezpo redni Cause przyczyna, pow d Tissue tkanka Occur pojawi si Internal forces si y wewn trzne Overuse zu ycie Connective tissues tkanki otaczaj ce Tear rozdarcie Sprain skr cenie Contusion st uczenie Severe ci ki Scar tissue tkanka bliznowata Acute - ostry Cryotherapy krioterapia Referral skierowanie O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O

  14. Bibliography O injuries-classified-and-managed/ O Ortopedia i traumatologia : podr cznik dla student w Ortopedia i traumatologia : podr cznik dla student w medycyny medycyny - Tadeusz Szymon Ga dzik O Rehabilitacja Rehabilitacja w w sporcie sporcie - Rafa Gnat O Urazy i uszkodzenia w sporcie Urazy i uszkodzenia w sporcie - Artur Dziak O http://twoj- Pictures: O http://www.spritely- O O

  15. Thank Thank you you for for your your attention attention! !