Advertising Media, Factors considered for selection of Media

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Selecting the right advertising media is crucial for the success of an advertising campaign. Factors such as the nature of the product, market requirements, advertising objectives, distribution strategy, nature of the message and appeals, budget, and competitor choices all play a significant role in determining the suitable media for conveying the advertising message effectively.

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  1. Advertising Media, Factors considered for selection of Media

  2. Introduction: The most brilliant and original advertising ideas will be wasted if they are not presented through the right media in the right place at the right time to the right people. Hence the selection of right media is an important for achieving the objectives of advertising. However, before explaining the factors which should be kept in mind for selecting the right advertising media, it is essential that we must know the meaning of advertising media. An advertising media is a means or vehicle of delivering a definite message. It is a means through which an advertising message or information is passed on to the prospective customers, readers, viewers, listeners or passers-by. For instance, a producer seeks through advertisement media to keep in touch with old customers as well as to attract new customers. Medias are subject to intensive buying and selling activity. Examples of media are newspapers, magazines, radio, television, direct mail, posters, film, catalogues etc.

  3. DETERMINANTS OF ADVERTISING MEDIA 1. The Nature of the Product : The nature of the product determines the choice of the advertising media. For instance, cinema, television, colour periodicals would be the obvious choice for products like fabrics and toilets requiring visual presentation. In this connection, management should develop a product-media match. 2. Market Requirements : While selecting advertising media, the company s market requirements should be considered. When they meet these requirements, they lend themselves to good use. For example, specialised high fashion colour magazines would be the proper media for consumers with high income groups and sophisticated tastes. Similarly, outdoor media would be appropriate when consumer action is to be induced at the point of purchase

  4. 3. Advertising Objectives : The advertising objectives also determine the type of media to be selected. For example, the press is preferred to project corporate image while radio and television is relevant for product advertising. 4. Distribution Strategy : The advertising media should be compatible with the distribution strategy adopted by the company. For example, if the company is selling through middlemenwholesalers and retailers etc., then outdoor advertising media duly supported by television, radio and cinema etc. may help to pull the product out of channel. 5. Nature of the Message and Appeals : The nature of advertising message appeal also determines the advertising media for a company. The media should be able to carry the message and appeal to the right persons in the perspective. For example, if time is the essence of communication, daily newspaper and radio may be the best choice. Mass consumption items like soaps, toothpastes, hair oil etc. may determine television, newspapers as the best selection.

  5. 6. Budget : The budget available for advertising purpose will decide the choice of media of advertising. For example, a manufacturer having comparatively large funds for advertising may choose television or radio or both as a media of advertising. On the other hand a medium or small sized businessman may prefer newspaper and magazine as an advertising media. 7. Competitors Choices : A company should also take into account the wisdom of competitors media choices despite differences in advertising objectives and appropriations. It is not desirable to outright dismiss their choices. Generally, the advertising media used by competitors are preferred so as to make an impressive appeal for the product. 8. Media Circulation : The company should take into account the circulation of the advertising media. Media circulation must match the distribution pattern of the product. This applies to the press media. Circulation should not be confused with readership. Circulation means the number of copies sold after deduction of free copies, returns and other differences between the total number of printed copies and total number sold at full price. The advertising media selected should have maximum circulation, such as Hindustan Times etc.

  6. 9. Media Availability : The question of media availability is quite relevant while considering advertising media alternatives because not all medias are available to a company at all times whenever required. For instance, in 1973, and 1974, owing to acute newsprint shortage, space availability in national dailies was a real problem. 10. Penetration : How can we penetrate the market most thoroughly or how can we reach the greatest number of potential customers is also an important factor influencing the choice of a particular advertising media. Shall we reach housewives at the kitchen-sink by means of television or radio and which is likely to have the greater impact ? This fact should be considered. 11. Size and Nature of the Business Enterprise : The size and nature of the business enterprise also play an important part in making a choice for the advertising media. Different media will suit to departmental stores, chain stores, small shops, manufacturers and producers etc. A big business enterprise may make use of television, radio and newspapers having national network, whereas a small unit may prefer local newspapers and cinema-slides etc.

  7. TYPES OF MEDIA 1.RADIO ADVERTISING Today, radio has emerged as one of our major advertising media. It provides a very large coverage of audience in urban and rural areas. Now almost every family has a radio set in our country. Radio advertising in India was started in 1967 when a commercial service on Vividh Bharati was started. Commercial broadcasting is now undertaken by Delhi, Bombay, Madras, Calcutta, Poona, Nagpur and Bangalore stations etc. of All-India Radio. Ceylon Radio Commercial Broadcasting is quite popular throughout the country. Commercial broadcasting is a major source of income. Today, radio advertising is extremely popular with both trade and industry as the demand exceeds the time. Radio advertising may be described as word of mouth advertising on a wide scale . The advertiser delivers the message orally and not visually. It makes appeal to the ear and not to the eye with the effect that the message is conveyed to the masses whether literate or illiterate.

  8. Advantages or Merits of Radio Advertising Radio advertising is quite popular in India on account of the following advantages: 1. It has a wide coverage. Even illiterate people are covered under this media. It can convey message even to small remote areas. 2. 2. It is quite flexible as it can be used on a national or local level according to the need. 3. It gives message of the advertiser at the door of the prospects when they are in a respective mood. 4. It easily catches the attention of the people. 5. Today radio advertising is a major source of income. 2.INTERNET ADVERTISING At present, Internet the fastest growing medium in history, offers incredible opportunities for a wide range of people in both business and advertising. For advertisers, there is a whole new world of potential customers.

  9. Advantage of Internet Advertising: 1. Interactive Medium : It allows consumers to directly interact with an advertiser, thereby establishing future relationships. 2. Enormous Audience : With an audience of about 500 million people world wide (some estimates put the figure at 1 billion people), the internet is the only true global medium, providing information and commercial opportunities that are immediately accessible around the world. 3. Immediate Response : Products and information are available on demand made by the consumer, thereby, providing instant feed back for the advertiser. 4. Selective Targeting : Advertisers can reach the right target audience, especially through the Meta ads. 5. Proximity to Purchase : It may be the greatest advantage of Internet advertising. Purchasers can be targeted right wither they are, right at the moment when they are considering of making a purchase. 6. Affluent Market ; Most of the Internet users belong to middleupper class or upper class audience. Therefore, Internet medium enables to reach the affluent market of the society

  10. 3.Television Advertising : It is said that to-day television advertising is the best selling media ever invented. It has a potential advertising impact unmatched by any other media. It is a means of bringing actual demonstration in the homes of the prospects and is therefore more effective media when compared with radio. That is why the position of radio advertising has now being gradually taken by television advertising. Advantages or Merits of Television Advertising Television advertising has the following advantages : 1. The main advantage of television advertising is that it combines the advantages of both radio and cinema. Thus it is a most powerful audio-visual media. 2. It makes the message more attractive and impressive. 3. It is most advantageous to those advertisers whose products and service require demonstration. 4. It is a source of major income to channels. 5. It possesses geographical selectivity. An advertiser can place his advertisements on selected few stations as per his requirements. 6. It has a wide coverage. At present television services are available to more than 80% of India s population.

  11. 4. Press Advertising: Press advertising is the most popular and effective method of publicity today. It has become the part of the culture and political life of people today. Press, also referred to as print, is an advertising media comprising all those vehicles owned by others and which can carry the advertising message in print to be read by target customers. In India, this media is very commonly used by companies and account for nearly 70 per cent of their total expenditure on advertising media. Advantages or Merits of Newspaper Advertising Media : The advantages of merits of newspaper advertising media may be summed up as under : 1. Their coverage is high as they reach every nook and corner in a very short time. 2. They offer a lot of flexibility. According to the convenience and necessity of the advertiser, the shape, size and appeal may be frequently changed to suit the need of the advertiser. 3. High frequency enables speedy preparation and publication of advertisement. 4. It is the cheapest media of advertising as far as its cost per reader is concerned.

  12. Advantages or Merits of Magazines and Journals : 1. The life of magazine is considerably longer than that of newspapers. These are kept ready for weeks and months. 2. Better reproduction of advertisement than newspapers is provided. 3. Magazines are highly selective in nature and waste of circulation is avoided. 4. Magazine advertising create prestige, reputation and an image of quality. 5. The number of readers per copy in case of magazine advertising is quite high. There is multiplicity of readership. 6. Magazines are ideals for introduction new ideas.

  13. 5.FILM ADVERTISING Film is an audio-visual medium of communication and offers wide opportunities to the advertiser to screen commercial films and slides produced by them. Today cinema is an important and effective media of advertising. Kinds of Films : 1. Straight Advertising Films : These are most common now- adays. These concentrate on advertising message relating to only one product of a particular company, such as Hindustan Lever, Tata Oil Mills (toilet preparations), D.C.M., Gwalior Rayon, Calico etc. These are of short duration lasting from 3 to 5 minutes. 2. Documentary Films : Documentary films are mainly used for publicity aspect and in most cases is educative in character. They are used to show various aspects of an industry as a whole. 3. Sponsored Advertising Films : It is a very good combination of advertisement and entertainment. Cartoon films come under this category.

  14. Advantages or Merits : 1. It has a quite wide coverage. 2. It is able to explain and demonstrate the use of a product quite conveniently. 3. Appeal is made to all sections of the society. 4. It is never wasted as no advertisement can escape the attention. 5. It is effective and may pay rich dividend to the advertiser. Other forms of Media: PURCHASE POINT ADVERTISING SPECIALTY ADVERTISING VIDEO ADVERTISING OUTDOOR ADVERTISING


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