New trends in agriculture extension

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The new trends in agriculture extension, including privatization of extension services, private extension activities, cyber extension, and market-led extension.

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  1. Lecture- 9 New trends in agriculture extension Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India

  2. Privatization of extension Promoting private extension and privatization of extension services are two approaches used by national governments world wide to improve the delivery of extension services. Private extension is not a single entity, but includes a wide range of service providers. Private Extension: entirely private and they use their own revenue stop remote technologies, inputs and services. Most of the private profit oriented actors belong to this category. Privatization of extension services :Consists of organizations that receive funds from government and other donors for implementing extension programmes and they are mostly of the "not-for profit type Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India

  3. Private extension indicates the extension activities of private individuals or organizations, Privatizations is a public policy decision taken by the Government to reduce its role in an activity and encourages private sector to take up these roles. Privatization of extension can take place broadly in two ways: i) Dismantling privatization ii) Controlled privatization Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India

  4. Cyber extension ICT or Information and Communications Technology The basket of technologies, which assist or support in storage, processing of Data/ Information, or in dissemination/ communication of Data/ Information, or both. ICT thus includes technologies such as desktop and laptop computers, software, peripherals and connection to the Internet that are intended to fulfill information processing and communication functions. Data - Information - Knowledge Processing of data: Summarizing Computing Averages Graphing Creating Charts Visualizing Data Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India

  5. MARKETLED EXTENSION With globalization of the market, farmers need to transform themselves from mere producers-sellers in the domestic market to producers cum sellers in a wider market sense to best realize the returns on their investments, risks and efforts. NEED Conversion of P-L-E into M-L-E Orientation of extension system with knowledge and skills related to the market. Minimization of production cost. Introduction of export oriented product. Modernization of wholesale markets or new markets with new Agricultural policy. Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India

  6. Objective 1.Conversion of agricultural sector into profit oriented business 2.Strengthening R-E-F linkages between various department at various levels. 3.Strengthening market linkages to farmers IT application in Agricultural marketing. 4.Wider use of electronic mass media for Agricultural Extension. Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India

  7. FARMERS FIELD SCHOOL A group of farmers meet regularly in a field at weekly intervals during a crop season. After observation of crop dynamics, they discuss and take economical decisions about the best crop management practices for that week, under the guidance of trained facilitator. NEED for FFS: Inappropriate and imbalanced nutrient use and declining soil productivity Indiscriminate use of pesticides leading to increased cost of cultivation Inadequate research and extension support to Small & Marginal farmers Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India

  8. Objectives of FFS: 1.Increasing the productivity of crops receiving irrigation through Field demonstrations and training programmes. 2.Growing of crops as per the prevailing market trend / need. 3.Reducing cost of cultivation by adopting improved management practices and procuring the critical inputs in time community based approach. 4.Finally making farmer anExpert in decision making. Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India


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