Medical Terminology - 2nd Stage

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Dr. Talib Chichan presents medical terminology related to the gastrointestinal system. Learn about the anatomy, terminology, and common conditions.

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Medical Terminology - 2nd Stage

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  1. Medical terminology 2ndstage The presentation is done by Dr.Talib chichan M.B.CH.B D.O.S Department of anesthesia techniques Al-Mustaqbal University college

  2. Medical Terminology of the Gastrointestinal System

  3. diverticulum Diverticul/(o) Duoden(o) duodenum Enter(o) intestine Esophag(o) esophagus Gastro(o) stomach Hepat(o) liver Ile(o) ileum Jejun(o) jejunum Pancreat(o) pancreas Proct(o) rectum and anus Rect(o) rectum Sigmoid(o) sigmoid colon Spleen(o) spleen Hemat(o) blood

  4. Additional Gastrointestinal suffixes and prefixes TERM DEFINITION Bili- bile Cec-, ceco- cecum Cirrh- yellow Cys- bladder or sac Dys- bad or painful Gastro-, gastr- stomach Sigmoid- sigmoid colon -pancreat pancreas -phagia to eat or swallow

  5. Word Root and Combining Vowel for the Gastrointestinal System This is a list of word roots with their combining vowel used for the gastrointestinal system. WORD ROOT DEFINITION An(o) pertaining to the anus Appendic(o) referring to the appendix Cec(o) Pertaining to the cecum Chol(e) bile Cholangi(o) bile duct Cholecyst(o) gallbladder Choledoch(o) common bile ducts Colon(o) pertaining to the colon

  6. TERM DEFINITION Anus The terminal end of the anal canal. Appendix An accessory part that is attached to a main structure. Vermiform appendix Vermiform means resembling a worm. A wormlike process that extends from the cecum. Biliary Bili- pertains to bile Pertaining to bile or the gallbladder duct which transport bile. Sometimes called the biliary tree. Colon A part of the large intestine located between the cecum and the rectum. Cecum Cec(o) means cecum The first part of the large intestine

  7. Term Definition Achalasia A means No , not ,without ,is abnormal relaxation of cardiac sphincter of stomach Appendicitis Appendic(o) =Appendix , it is= inflammation of vermiform appendix Ascites The accumulation of large amount of fluid in peritoneal cavity Choleithiasis Chole(o) means bile ,lithiasis =stone Cirrhosis Cirrh= yellow , osis =condition , degenerative disease of the liver Dysphagia Dys =bad or painful ,phagia means to or to swallow ,Difficulty swallow Gastritis Gastr(o) =stomach ,itis =inflammation , inflammation of lining stomach Hematemeses Hema =blood ,Emesis= vomiting ,Vomiting of bright red blood Hematachezia Hema =blood,chezia means defecation of forgin body with passage of bright red blood in stool

  8. Hepat(o) =liver ,it is means inflammation ,So inflammation of liver Hepatitis Hepat(o) means liver ,Megaly= large , so abnormal enlargement Hepatomegaly of the liver Means yellow ,large amount of bilirubin in blood causing yellow discoloration of skin ,mucus membrane and sclera of eye Jaundice Black, means distinctive black stool which usually suggest digested stool Melena Odyn(o) means pain ,Phagia means to eat or swallow ,burning squeezing pain while swallowing caused by irritation of the esophageal mucosa Odynophagia Pyr(o) means fire heat Osis refers to condition so pyrosis means heart burn which painful burning sensation in esophagus bleow the sternum Pyrosis Splen(o) = spleen Megaly =large ,So, abnormal enlargement of spleen Splenomegaly Steat(o) means fat ,rrhea means discharge of flow large amount of fat in the faces that is foul smelling and foul Steatorrhea

  9. Gastrointestinal Specialties This is a list of the gastrointestinal specialist and their general job TERM Definition Gastroenterologist Gastro means stomach. Entero means intestine. -logist means one who studies. A physician specializing in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenterology Gastro means stomach. Entero means intestine. -logy means the study of. The study of the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

  10. Diagnostic Studies of the Gastrointestinal System Term Definition Abdominal Ultra sound Ultra = beyond , farther sound waves Ultra sound=high frequency Barium test Administration of radiopaque barium Sulfate liquid to visual defect of esophagus and surrounding area Cholangiography Chlo =bile graphy =process of recording , I.V instillation of radiopaque contrast to visualized and record information about the major bile duct Colonoscopy Examination of the lining of the colon with colonoscopy Endoscopy Endo refers to within inside ,scopy a visual examination with light instrument Endoscopic retrograde Cholangio pancreatography Endo=inside, Cholangi(o)=bile duct ,Pancrea (o ) =Pancreas graphy =process of recording Endoscopic test to visulize the bile duct and pancreatic duct Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Esophag( o ) =Esophagus ,Gastr(o)=stomach ,duodena=duodenum ,Scope =visual examination with light

  11. Liver function test (LFT) Test of evaluate the functions of the liver including storage, metabolism, filtration, and excretion. Liver biopsy Biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue to be used for microscopic examination. A procedure in which a needle is inserted into the liver to obtain a specimen. Sigmoidoscopy Sigmoid(o) refers to the sigmoid colon. -scopy is a visual examination with a lighted instrument. The inspection of the sigmoid colon and rectum using a sigmoidoscopy

  12. Cholecystostomy Chole(o) means bile. Cys- means bladder or sac. -ostomy is the formation of an opening. The surgical formation of an opening into the gallbladder. Choledochojejunostomy Chole(o) means bile Doch(o) or dochus means containing. Jejun(o) refers to the jejunum. -ostomy is the formation of an opening. A surgical procedure to form a connection between the common bile duct and jejunum

  13. Procedures of the Gastrointestinal System Appendic(o) pertaining to the appendix. Appendectomy also appendicectomy -ectomy means excision (surgical removal or cutting out) Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. Cecostomy Cec(o) is pertaining to the cecum. -ostomy is the formation of an opening. The surgical formation of an opening into cecum. Cholecystectomy Chole(o) means bile. Cys- means bladder or sac. -ectomy means excision (surgical removal or cutting out). The surgical removal of the gallbladder.

  14. choledocholithotomy Chole(o) means bile. Doch(o) or dochus means containing. Lith(o) means stone. -otomy means cutting into. Surgical incision into the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones. Colectomy Cole- means colon. -ectomy means excision (surgical removal or cutting out). Surgical excision of part of the colon.

  15. Colostomy Col(o) refers to the colon. -ostomy is the formation of an opening. Surgical opening into the colon to form an artificial anus on the abdominal wall. Esophagogastrostomy Esophag(o) means esophagus. Gastr(o) means stomach. -ostomy is formation of an opening. Anastomosis of the esophagus to a portion of the stomach. Gastrectomy Gastr(o) means stomach. ,ectomy means excision(surgical Removal all or part of stomach

  16. Gastrostomy Gastr(o) means stomach. -ostomy is the formation of an opening. A surgical opening into the stomach through the abdominal wall usually for the placement of a feeding tube. Ileostomy Ile(o) refers to the ileum. -ostomy is the formation of an opening. A surgical opening to bring the ileum to the surface of the abdomen. Pyloroplasty Pylor(o) refers to the pylorus. -plasty means surgical repair. Enlargement and repair of pyloric sphincter area.

  17. Thank you


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