Introduction to Global Tourism

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Explore the world's largest and most diverse industry - tourism. Discover its economic, environmental, social, cultural, and political impacts. Learn about different forms of travel, tourism terms, and the components of the travel industry.


Uploaded on Dec 09, 2023 | 8 Views


Introduction to Global Tourism

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  1. Introduction to Global Tourism

  2. WHY IS TOURISM IMPORTANT? The travel industry is the world s largest and most diverse industry. It is the primary source for generating revenues, employment, private sector growth, and infrastructure development. Travel is now easier and cheaper because of the increased accessibility of the various travel services.

  3. TOURISM TERMS DEFINED Tourism Tourism activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for leisure, business, and other purposes. Travel Travel the act of moving outside one s community for business or pleasure but not for commuting or traveling to or from work or school. Tourist Tourist visitors staying at least one night in a collective or private accommodation in the place visited. Excursionist Excursionist visitor who does not spend the night in a collective or private accommodation in the place visited. Visitor Visitor any person traveling to a place other than of his/her usual environment for less than 12 consecutive months and whose main purpose of travel is not to work for pay in the place visited. Traveler Traveler any person on a trip between two or more locations

  4. VARIOUS FORMS OF TRAVEL Travel based on individual countries: International International when the traveler crosses a country s borders. Domestic Domestic when the traveler travels within his/her country s borders. Travel based on geographical locations (regional divisions): Region Region-geographically united subdivision of a larger area characterized by definitive criteria or frames of reference Three Types of region Three Types of region: Geographical region- North, South, East, West, etc. Administrative- provinces, cities Location with a more physical nature- lake district . Pacific Basin ,etc.

  5. Cont. Cont . Interregional Interregional travel among various regions Intra Intra- -regional regional travel contained within the same defined region Based on the nationality of visitors: Inbound tourism Inbound tourism involve non-residents traveling as visitors in the given area Outbound tourism Outbound tourism involve residents traveling as visitors in an area other than the their usual place of environment

  6. BRIEF HISTORY OF TOURISM Early ages: Early ages: Early tourism was motivated by the need to gather food, avoid danger, and find favorable climates. Travel became officially a trade when the Greeks invented the coin money. Planned travels boomed during the Roman civilization Middle Ages: Middle Ages: Christian pilgrimages encouraged more organized travel Group tours and package tours Renaissance or Elizabethan Era. Renaissance or Elizabethan Era. Travel to increase one s knowledge was encouraged during Forerunners of passports and visas were introduced.

  7. Industrial revolution Industrial revolution provided means of transportation for mass travelers Introduction of machineries powered by steam for trains and ships Increase in leisure time and demand for recreational travel activities Beginning of vacation Modern tourism Modern tourism is highly encouraged due to more paid holidays, increase in income and more cheap means of transportation.

  8. COMPONENTS OF THE TRAVEL INDUSTRY Transportation and Infrastructure: Transportation and Infrastructure: Transportation Transportation different types of transportation that get visitors to, from and within a given destination Infrastructure Infrastructure components found on or below the ground level required for various tourism dimensions to operate effectively. Accommodation and hospitality services: Accommodation and hospitality services: Accommodation Accommodation lodging facilities and their related services Food and Beverage Food and Beverage provision of restaurants, bars and other types of eating and drinking establishments Support services Support services includes shopping facilities and services at the destination that will help fulfill the basic as well as supplementary needs of visitors. Travel Distribution Systems: Travel Distribution Systems: Direct and indirect distributors of the various hospitality and tourism products Public and Private Sector: Public and Private Sector: Public sector Public sector government agencies directly and indirectly involved in tourism Private sector Private sector privately-owned businesses that produce and develop services and products for the visitors.

  9. IMPACTS/BENEFITS OF TRAVEL AND TOURISM Economic Environmental Social &Cultural Political

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