South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill Briefing 2023

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The briefing outlines the need to amend the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Act, steps taken in fast-tracking the promulgation of the bill, and the importance of submitting the draft bill for further processing. It delves into the background of the SAIDS as a National Anti-Doping Agency, the obligations under the World Anti-Doping Code, and the identified non-compliant provisions that require amendments by a stipulated deadline.


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South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill Briefing 2023

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  1. SA Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill (SAIDS): 2023 BRIEFING TO THE PC ON SPORT ARTS AND CULTURE ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL 5 December 2023

  2. Presentation Outline Purpose Background WADA Ruling and Consequences OCSLA and Cabinet Parliament Non-compliant provisions in the SAIDS Act, as amended Consultations Recommendation

  3. Purpose To provide a background to the Portfolio Committee with the following: Reasons for the need to amend the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Amendment Act; 2006 (Act No. 25 of 2006) as amended Steps undertaken in fast-tracking the promulgation of the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Bill; 2013) To submit the Draft South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Bill; 2013 to the Portfolio Committee for consideration and further processing.

  4. Background The South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport (SAIDS) (a National Anti-Doping Agency) is a public entity of the Department of Sport, Arts and Culture (the Department) established by an Act of Parliament, that is the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Act; 1997 (Act No. 14 of 1997) as amended by the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Amendment Act; 2006 (Act No. 25 of 2006). (Both Acts are attached hereto as Annexure A and B , respectively) Both the 1997 Principal Act and the Amendment Act; 2006 basically promote participation in sport free from the use of prohibited substances or methods intended to artificially enhance performance, thereby rendering impermissible doping practices that are contrary to the principles of fair play and medical ethics, in the interest of the health and well- being of sportspersons; and to provide for matters connected therewith.

  5. Cont However, the Amendment Act; 2006, further provides amongst others for the adoption of matters contained in the 2021 World Anti-Doping Code (WADA Code). (Attached hereto is the Copy of the WADA Code as Annexure C ). The World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) was established in 1999 as an international independent agency to lead a collaborative worldwide movement for doping-free sport. WADA s governance and funding are based on equal partnership between the Sport Movement and Governments of the world. WADA s primary role is to develop, harmonize and coordinate anti-doping rules and policies across all sports and countries. Their key activities include scientific and social science research; education; intelligence and investigations; development of anti-doping capacity; and monitoring of compliance with the World Anti-Doping Programme.

  6. Cont On 31 October 2022, WADA identified several provisions in the 2006 Amendment Act, that are non-compliant with the WADA Code and provided a Corrective Action Report, identifying those non-compliant provisions that must be amended with a timeline of 31 January 2023. (Attached hereto is a Copy of the Corrective Action Report as Annexure D ). The Department of Sport, Arts and Culture (the Department) and the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport (SAIDS) informed WADA that the deadline was unreasonable, and explained the reasons as to why it could not guarantee the promulgation of the 2006 Amendment Acts within the prescribed deadline, including the fact that legislative amendment is Constitutionally prescribed with stringent processes.

  7. Cont Notwithstanding, the Department still reassured WADA of its commitment to have the legislation aligned with the WADA Code. (attached hereto is proof of such commitment, as Annexure E ). Despite the efforts of engaging with the Compliance Review Committee of WADA in producing four drafts of the amendments to the Amendment Act; 2006, the last of which was submitted on the 21stof September 2023, on 22 September 2023, WADA s Executive Committee at their meeting in Shanghai, China, nevertheless accepted the Compliance Review Committee s recommendation to allege that the SAIDS was non-compliant with the Code. The WADA s Executive Committee also accepted the Compliance Review Committee s recommended consequences for this non-compliance as well as the reinstatement conditions.

  8. WADA Ruling SAIDS was given 21 days, starting from 22 September 2023 to 13 October 2023 (inclusive) to dispute the WADA s allegations of non-compliance and or the consequences of non-compliance and or the reinstatement conditions proposed by WADA. (NB: When an Appeal is lodged, consequences placed on SAIDS and South Africa by WADA cannot be implemented until the Appeal Process is concluded). WADA filed a request for Arbitration with the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) and advised SAIDS of same on 21st November 2023, which meant that SAIDS had to file its answer to the request for Arbitration within 20 days (i.e. by 11th December 2023). Alternatively, SAIDS can consider the Mediation process, in which SAIDS has to file papers for same within 10 days ( i.e. by 1 December 2023). SAIDS has applied to mediate, if not successful, the Arbitration process will ensue which is expected to be finalised in March 2024.

  9. Consequences The primary consequences of WADA s decision for the country are that: South Africa will not be awarded the right to host or fly the South African flag at regional, continental and World Championships, and Events organized by Major Event Organizations; South Africa s flag be flown at the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games, until SAIDS is re-instated; SAIDS s Representatives will be ineligible to hold any WADA office or any position as a member of any WADA board or committee or other body (including but not limited to membership on WADA s Foundation Board, the Executive Committee, any Standing Committee, and any other committee); SAIDS will be ineligible to host any event hosted or organized or co-hosted or co-organized by WADA; SAIDS s Representatives will be ineligible to participate in any WADA Independent Observer Program or WADA Outreach Program or other WADA activities; SAIDS will not receive any WADA funding (either directly or indirectly) relating to the development of specific activities or participation in specific programs

  10. OCSLA & CABINET The Department and SAIDS worked together in drafting the SA Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill; 2023 to the effect that on the 26thof September 2023, the Department received a notice from SAIDS that WADA has issued an approved version. The Department presented the Draft Bill to the Cabinet of the Republic on 4thOctober 2023. The Cabinet of the Republic noted the recommendations and approved the processing of Amendment Bill to the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Amendment Act; 2006 (Act No. 25 of 2006) to ensure alignment and compliance with the WADA Code. The said approved SA Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill; 2023 version was sent to the Office of the Chief State Law Advisor (OCSLA), for consideration and certification. OCSLA certified the SA Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill; 2023 and issued their opinion on 1stNovember 2023. (A copy of the Bill, incl the Memo of Objects, the Certificate, and the OCSLA opinion are attached as Annexure F ).

  11. PARLIAMENT Noting that South Africa has until 22ndof January 2024, to promulgate the SAIDS Amendment Bill; 2023, the Department addressed letters to the Speaker of the National Assembly and the Chairperson of the National Assembly, requesting to table the Bill, and subsequently Gazetted the notice of intention to table in Parliament. (Attached hereto is a copy of the National Gazette, as Annexure G). On 21 November 2023, SAIDS and WADA submitted written inputs on the SA Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill; 2023 Certified by OCSLA, (Attached hereto are the written inputs, as Annexure H ). Noting that the SA Drug-Free Sport Amendment Bill; 2023 has already been certified and Parliament is running with the processes, the Department has advised SAIDS that when the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee conducts its public consultations, therein will they have an opportunity, to formally deposit their inputs.

  12. Non-compliant provisions in the SAIDS Act, as amended The following definitions were found to be non-compliant by WADA and we were requested to update them in terms of the Code Adverse Analytical Findings, Anti-doping rule violation Athlete, Code, Doping Control, International Standard, International Standard, Possession, Registered Testing Pool, Tampering, and Trafficking. o The rationale for these amendments was that given that the Code has periodic reviews and amendments, WADA recommended that the definitions bear the definition as set out in the Code currently in force". o Some of the other definitions have been repealed because the operational function of such defined word/words does not exist and are not aligned with the Code, whilst others were inserted to align with the new amendments as well as the Code.

  13. Cont Section 6 of the Principal Act, which deals with the Staff of the Institute is intended to be amended, due to the fact that some of the provisions are no longer fit for purpose. For e.g, the Principal 1997 Act prescribed that SAIDS may when entering into Agreements, do so in consultation with the Minister and the Public Service. Section 8(2) of the Amendment Act, made reference to section 6(2), which is intended to be repealed, so there had to be a consequential amendment as well. Section 10 of the Principal Act deals with the Objects of the Institution, which are amongst other to promote and ensure the adoption of a centralised doping control programme, which may subject any athlete to testing, with or without advance notice, both in and out of competition

  14. Cont o WADA suggested that advance notice should be removed as this should only occur in exceptional circumstances, including athletes over whom SAIDS has authority and that it is preferable to refer to intelligent testing as it covers more areas and is broader in case the International Standard for Testing and Investigations (ISTI) changes. Therefore, the Bill should read as follows: "(d) to promote and ensure the adoption of a centralised doping control programme, which focuses on implementing intelligent testing, may subject any athlete to testing, both in-competition and out-of- competition, on athletes over whom it has authority

  15. Cont Section 10(2) prescribed that the Institute shall operate in close conjunction with Sports Information and Science Agency (SISA). Amendment has to be effected to effect that changes from SISA to the Department and includes SASCOC in its operation, the Bill now reads as follows: The institute shall operate independently but may cooperate with SASCOC and the Department from time to time as the need arises in order to achieve the objects of the institute is contemplated in this act.

  16. Cont Section 11 of the 2006 Act provides for the Powers and duties of the Institute and in subsection (2)(b)(c) of the said Section 11, are intended to be repealed as they prescribed that the institution shall establish and maintain a Register of Notifiable Events; and notify relevant persons and organisations of entries into the Register of Notifiable Events The deletion is due to the fact that SAIDS is no longer maintaining this register. There is also an insertion in Section 11 , regarding the consent of a parent, guardian, any school, or any school governing body to the Drug-Testing of a Protected Person by the Institute participating in any non-sporting event sanctioned by a National Sports Federation or National School Sport Body.

  17. Cont Further insertion Section 11(2)(m) and (n) of the amended Act, includes the Institution: (m) requiring athletes who have been included in the testing pools to provide accurate information on their current whereabouts which should be made available to WADA and to other Anti-Doping Organisations having authority to test the athletes. (n) ensuring that a process for all athletes with documented medical conditions requiring the use of a prohibited substance or method, may request a therapeutic use exemption. Provided that such requests shall be evaluated by a therapeutic use exemption committee in accordance with the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions. Provided further that the Institute shall promptly report in writing to the WADA such granting of therapeutic use exemptions.

  18. Cont Section 11A prescribed for the Doping control programme that applies to all athletes, this programme included amongst others authorised the Institute to request an athlete to provide a sample for the purpose of doping control; and required the Institute to establish and maintain a doping register for the programme. Due to the fact that the Institute no longer maintains the doping register, this provision is repealed. Section 11B prescribed that an athlete fails to comply with a request by the Institute to provide a sample if he or she refuses or fails to submit to sample collection as required by the doping control programme. WADA advised that the notion of Failure to Comply under this Act is too restrictive in nature and according to the International Standard for Results Management, a failure to comply means "a term used to describe anti-doping rule violations under Code Articles 2.3 and/or 2.5. as such it was recommended that this provision be repealed.

  19. Cont Section 11C prescribed that the Institute may request a sports administration body in writing to arrange for an athlete to undergo doping control in order to determine whether he or she has been using prohibited substances or methods. WADA required SAIDS to confirm how this provision works in practice and How often the Institute requests in writing for a sports administration body to arrange for an athlete to be under doping control or the laboratory analysis of the sample. It was then resolved also, to repeal this provision.

  20. Consultations Aero Club of South Africa South African Sport Angling and Casting Federation South African National Boxing Organization South African National Archery Association Athletics South Africa Aero Club of South Africa Badminton South Africa South African Baseball Union Basketball South Africa Body building South Africa Bowls South Africa South African National Boxing Organization Boxing South Africa South African Bridge Canoeing South Africa Chess South Africa South African National Climbing Federation Cycling South Africa Cricket South Africa Golf RSA South African Gymnastics Federation South African Football Association South African Figure Skating Association South African Equestrian Federation South African Korfball Federation Darts South Africa Federation of Dance Sport South Africa Lifesaving South Africa Confederation of Cue Sport South African Handball Federation South African Hockey Association Judo South Africa Karate South Africa South African Kickboxing Association Ringball South Africa Martial Art South Africa South African Modern Pentathlon Association South African Rugby Union Motorsport South Africa Netball South Africa South African Orienteering Federation Surfing South Africa Powerboat Racing South Africa South African Powerlifting Federation Softball South Africa Roller Sport South Africa Rowing South Africa South African Table Tennis Board Swimming South Africa Squash South Africa Snow Sports South Africa South African Shooting Sport Federation Triathlon South Africa South African Shooting South African Sailing Sport Federation South African Underwater Sport Federation South African Sports Association for Physically Disabled South African Taekwondo Federation South African Tenniquoits Board Tennis South Africa Tenpin Bowling of South Africa Association South African Weightlifting Federation South African Transplant Sports Association South African Wushu Federation Triathlon South Africa South African Tug of War Federation University Sport South Africa Volleyball South Africa South African Water Ski Federation South African Deaf Sport Federation Sport for the Intellectually Impaired SA South African Masters Sports Association South African Sport Aerobics and Fitness Federation South African National Pigeon Organisation South African Majorette and Cheerleading Association Jukskei South Africa South African Sheep Shearing Federation South African Federation BOCCE Mind Sports SA

  21. Cont PROVINCIAL SPORTS CONFEDERATIONS Eastern Cape Sports Confederation Free State Sports Confederation Gauteng Sports Confederation KwaZulu Natal Sports Confederation Save for the comments received from SAIDS and WADA only the following were submitted: National Treasury SA Rugby Union Public Enterprise (Confirming that they have no inputs to submit) (Attached hereto is a copy of the comments received as Annexure I )

  22. Recommendation Portfolio Committee to note the above submission the Draft South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport Bill; 2013 for consideration and further processing.

  23. THANK YOU THANK YOU

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