Compare & Contrast

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Similarities and differences in the ideologies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, focusing on their views on the state of nature, social contract, and forms of government.

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Compare & Contrast

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  1. Compare & Contrast By: RF

  2. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes John Locke John Locke Differences Similarities Differences

  3. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes John Locke John Locke Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher best known for publishing Leviathan in 1651. In it, he defended the absolute power of kings and the monarchy. He believed that a state of nature is a state of war. Everyone is equal, but because there is no one governing body, people are selfish and self-serving causing everyone to live in fear. In order for man to survive they must have a government that can protect people from themselves. John Locke was an English philosopher who is most known for publishing The Two Treatises of Government. Locke believed that all people were born equal and entered into a social contract with a government for safety. However, if that contract was violated the people reserve the right to revolt. Locke believed that people are born with natural rights of life, liberty, and property. Locke believed that a state of nature meant people were moral and able to self-govern and favored a representative government with democratic values. Hobbes believed in social contract; an agreement among people to give up some of the rights they are born with in exchange for the security of a governing power that keeps law and order.

  4. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes John Locke John Locke Wrote Two Treatises of Government Favors Democracy Believes people are moral People have a right to revolt Wrote Leviathan Favors Absolute Monarchy See s humankind as selfish

  5. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes John Locke John Locke Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher best known for publishing Leviathan in 1651. In it, he defended the absolute power of kings and the monarchy. He believed that a state of nature is a state of war. Everyone is equal, but because there is no one governing body, people are selfish and self-serving causing everyone to live in fear. In order for man to survive they must have a government that can protect people from themselves. John Locke was an English philosopher who is most known for publishing The Two Treatises of Government. Locke believed that all people were born equal and entered into a social contract with a government for safety. However, if that contract was violated the people reserve the right to revolt. Locke believed that people are born with natural rights of life, liberty, and property. Locke believed that a state of nature meant people were moral and able to self-govern and favored a representative government with democratic values. Hobbes believed in social contract; an agreement among people to give up some of the rights they are born with in exchange for the security of a governing power that keeps law and order.

  6. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes John Locke John Locke Everyone is born with certain rights Theories of social contract & state of nature Everyone is equal

  7. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes John Locke John Locke Everyone is born with certain rights Theories of social contract & state of nature Everyone is equal Wrote Two Treatises of Government Favors Democracy Believes people are moral People have a right to revolt Wrote Leviathan Favors Absolute Monarchy See s humankind as selfish

  8. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes John Locke John Locke Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher best known for publishing Leviathan in 1651. In it, he defended the absolute power of kings and the monarchy. He believed that a state of nature is a state of war. Everyone is equal, but because there is no one governing body, people are selfish and self-serving causing everyone to live in fear. In order for man to survive they must have a government that can protect people from themselves. John Locke was an English philosopher who is most known for publishing The Two Treatises of Government. Locke believed that all people were born equal and entered into a social contract with a government for safety. However, if that contract was violated the people reserve the right to revolt. Locke believed that people are born with natural rights of life, liberty, and property. Locke believed that a state of nature meant people were moral and able to self-govern and favored a representative government with democratic values. Hobbes believed in social contract; an agreement among people to give up some of the rights they are born with in exchange for the security of a governing power that keeps law and order.